Possibility of Inquiry: Menos Paradox from Socrates to Sextus Gail Fine

ISBN: 9781306549042

Published: April 3rd 2014

ebook

414 pages


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Possibility of Inquiry: Menos Paradox from Socrates to Sextus  by  Gail Fine

Possibility of Inquiry: Menos Paradox from Socrates to Sextus by Gail Fine
April 3rd 2014 | ebook | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, audiobook, mp3, RTF | 414 pages | ISBN: 9781306549042 | 10.13 Mb

Gail Fine presents an original interpretation of a compelling puzzle in ancient philosophy. Menos Paradox, which is first formulated in Platos Meno, challenges the very possibility of inquiry. Plato replies with the theory of recollection,MoreGail Fine presents an original interpretation of a compelling puzzle in ancient philosophy.

Menos Paradox, which is first formulated in Platos Meno, challenges the very possibility of inquiry. Plato replies with the theory of recollection, according to which we all had prenatal knowledge of some range of things, and what we call inquiry involves recollecting what we previously knew- he also illustrates this with his famous cross-examination of an untutored slave about ageometry problem, whose solution the slave is able to discover through inquiry.

Hence, contrary to the paradox, inquiry is possible after all. Plato is not the only philosopher to grapple with Menos Paradox: so too do Aristotle, the Epicureans, the Stoics, and Sextus. How do their various replies compare withone another, and with Platos? How good are any of their replies? In a fascinating fragment preserved in Damascius Commentary on the Phaedo, Plutarch briefly considers these questions (though for obvious chronological reasons he doesnt discuss Sextus).

But Fines book is the first full-length systematic treatment of the paradox and responses to it. Among the topics discussed are the nature of knowledge- how knowledge differs from mere true belief- the nature of inquiry- varieties ofinnatism- concepts and meaning- the scope and limits of experience.

The Possibility of Inquiry will be of interest to anyone interested in ancient epistemology, in ancient philosophy, or in epistemology.



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